Types of Sugar: Everything You Know to Know About Granulated Sugar

granulated sugar

Did you know that granulated sugar does not offer additional nutritional value to your meals and that your body does not need it to function? 

Sugar is a staple ingredient in many kitchens. People use it in everything from baked goods to beverages.

But with so many different types of sugar available, it can be overwhelming to know which one to choose for your recipe. Granulated sugar is one of the most commonly used sugars.

But even within this category, there are several varieties. To help you understand what is granulated sugar and how people use it, we have written a guide. Keep reading if you want to find out more. 

What Is Granulated Sugar? 

Granulated sugar, also known as white sugar, is a highly refined sugar that is made from sugarcane or sugar beets.

The sugar is extracted from the plants and then processed to remove impurities and create the small, uniform crystals that we recognize as granulated sugar.

The history of granulated sugar dates back to ancient times when people extracted sugar from sugarcane in India. Over time, the production and use of sugar spread throughout Asia, the Middle East, and Europe.

In the 16th century, colonists introduced sugar to the Americas through the slave trade, and it quickly became a key crop in the Caribbean and South America.

Today, granulated sugar is used in a wide variety of cultures and cuisines around the world.

In many Western countries, it is a common sweetener for baked goods, beverages, and desserts. In Mexico and other Latin American countries, granulated sugar is often used to make caramel and other sweet sauces.

In Japan, people use granulated sugar to make traditional sweets and candies, and in the Middle East, people often use it for adding flavor to their tea and coffee.

Different Types of Granulated Sugar

There are many different types of granulated sugar. This is why it can be difficult to go shopping for sugar. Here are the most common forms of granulated sugar that you should know about. 

White Sugar

White sugar is a highly processed form of sugar. It is made from sugarcane or sugar beets. To make white sugar, workers extract juice from the sugarcane or sugar beets. They will then heat this juice to remove impurities.

The juice is then further processed to remove the water and create small, uniform crystals of pure sucrose.

White sugar is a popular sweetener that people use in a wide variety of recipes. It has a neutral flavor and dissolves easily in liquid. This makes it a versatile option for baking and cooking.

But, some people argue that white sugar is a less healthy option than other types of sugar, such as natural sweeteners like honey or maple syrup. This is because it is highly processed.  

Superfine Sugar 

Superfine sugar, also known as caster sugar, is a type of granulated sugar. It has a smaller crystal size than regular white sugar. This is why it dissolves more quickly and easily in liquid.

It is a good sugar option if you need to prepare delicate desserts such as meringues and custards. You can also use it in cocktails and other beverages.

Many consumers don’t realize that it is possible to make superfine sugar at home. All you need to do is grind regular granulated sugar in a food processor or blender for a few seconds until it becomes fine and powdery.

Powdered Sugar

Powdered sugar is a finely ground sugar that contains a small amount of cornstarch. This is an important ingredient that prevents clumping.

It is common for bakers to use powdered sugar when they are making frostings and glazes. They also use this type of sugar to dust desserts and pastries with a fine layer of sweetness. 

You can also use powdered sugar to make fondant and other decorative sugar-based confections. Powdered sugar is available in varying degrees of fineness.

Granulated Brown Sugar

Granulated brown sugar is similar to white sugar but with the addition of molasses. Molasses is a dark, syrupy byproduct of the sugar-making process. It is rich in flavor and nutrients.

The amount of molasses added to brown sugar can vary. In fact, there are two types of brown sugar: light brown sugar and dark brown sugar.

Light brown sugar has less molasses than dark brown sugar, and it has a slightly milder flavor. Dark brown sugar has more molasses, giving it a stronger, more complex flavor profile.

Brown sugar also has a slightly higher moisture content than white sugar, which can make it ideal for certain recipes such as chewy cookies and cakes.

Fruit Sugar

Fruit sugar is another term for simple sugar fructose, which is found naturally in many fruits and vegetables.

Fructose is a monosaccharide. This means that it is a single sugar molecule that is quickly absorbed by the body for energy.

Because of its sweet taste and availability in fruits, fructose is commonly used as a sweetener in many processed foods and drinks.

While fructose is a natural sugar and can be a part of a healthy diet in moderation, excessive consumption of fructose has been linked to several health problems such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and liver disease.

Cane Sugar Vs Granulated Sugar

People often use the terms cane sugar and granulated sugar interchangeably. But there are some differences between the two.

Cane sugar refers specifically to sugar that is made from sugarcane, while granulated sugar is a type of sugar that can be made from sugarcane or sugar beets.

Both cane sugar and granulated sugar are highly refined. This means that they have undergone a process to remove impurities and create small, uniform crystals.

They are both versatile sweeteners that are frequently used in a wide range of restaurant-made meals.

However, some people prefer cane sugar over granulated sugar due to its slightly different flavor profile.

Cane sugar has a slightly more complex flavor with hints of caramel, while granulated sugar has a more neutral flavor.

Also, some people prefer cane sugar for its perceived health benefits.

This is because it is less processed than granulated sugar and contains trace amounts of vitamins and minerals. It is common for upscale dining services to use cane sugar instead of granulated sugar. 

How Much Granulated Sugar Is Too Much?

Consuming too much granulated sugar can have negative effects on your health. By doing this, you will increase your risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

According to the American Heart Association, the recommended daily intake of added sugar for men is no more than 9 teaspoons, or 36 grams, and for women, no more than 6 teaspoons, or 24 grams.

If you are consuming too much sugar, you might feel fatigued, experience sugar cravings, and have mood swings. You may also notice changes in your weight, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol levels.

Here are several steps you can take if you want to start consuming less granulated sugar.

Read Labels

Look for added sugars on food labels, and choose foods with less added sugar or choose healthier alternatives. For example, choose fresh fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains over processed foods.

Watch Out for Hidden Sugars

People often add granulated sugar to condiments, sauces, and dressings. Look for alternatives with less added sugar. It is also a good idea to make your own condiments or dressings at home.

Cut Back Gradually

By gradually reducing your sugar intake, it will become easier for you to adjust to the change. Start by cutting back on sugary drinks, such as soda or juice, and replacing them with water or herbal tea.

You should also try not to use sugar when you don’t need to. For example, if you are used to sprinkling sugar on top of baked squash, consider adding olive oil or oregano instead. 

It can also be a good idea to order meals from a ready-prepared meal service that offers tasty and nutritious meals. 

Choose Natural Sweeteners

Try to consume more natural sweeteners. These tend to be lower in sugar than processed foods. For example, try using pureed pumpkin or butternut squash in place of sugar in baking recipes.

Be Mindful of Portion Sizes

Even natural sweeteners should be consumed in moderation. Be mindful of portion sizes and aim to keep your overall sugar intake within the recommended daily limits.

Finding the Best Granulated Sugar Substitute

For those who are looking to cut down on sugar intake, there are several substitutes available that you can use in its place.

Granulated sugar substitutes offer a range of flavors and benefits. But it is important to understand that they are not all created equal.

Some are more natural and contain trace amounts of nutrients, while others are highly processed and offer no nutritional value.

Also, some substitutes may have a different texture or level of sweetness than granulated sugar. This can affect the final outcome of the recipe.

When choosing a granulated sugar substitute, you will need to consider the recipe and the desired outcome.

For example, honey or maple syrup may be a good choice for recipes that call for a liquid sweetener, such as marinades or dressings.

And stevia or coconut sugar may be better suited for baking recipes where you need to carefully control the sweetness level. Here are some of the best granulated sugar substitutes, along with their properties and best uses. 


Honey has a rich, complex flavor. It contains trace amounts of vitamins and minerals. You can use honey in place of granulated sugar in most recipes. But it is important to note that it is more liquid than sugar. 

This means that you might need to make recipe adjustments to compensate for the added moisture.

Maple Syrup

Maple syrup is one of the most popular types of natural sweeteners. Producers create it by boiling down the sap of maple trees.

It has a distinct, sweet flavor and contains antioxidants and trace minerals. Just like honey, it contains more liquid than sugar. This is why many experienced bakers choose not to include it in their recipes. 


Stevia is extracted from the leaves of the stevia plant. It is much sweeter than granulated sugar and has zero calories. Therefore, it is a popular choice for those looking to reduce their sugar intake.

Stevia can be used in place of granulated sugar in most recipes. But keep in mind that it can have a slightly bitter aftertaste that some people find unpleasant.

Coconut Sugar

Coconut sugar has a rich, caramel-like flavor. Even though it is possible to replace it with granular sugar in most recipes, it tends to have a grainy texture. It also doesn’t dissolve as easily as granulated sugar.

Agave Nectar

Agave nectar has a lower glycemic index than granulated sugar, meaning it does not cause as sharp a spike in blood sugar levels.

Just like honey and maple syrup, agave nectar contains more liquid than sugar. Also, making agave nectar requires lots of processing. This is one of the reasons why many people choose not to use it. 

Everything You Need to Know About Granulated Sugar

Even though there are many types of granulated sugar that exist, there is a lot that people don’t understand about it. 

The most popular types of granulated sugar include white sugar, superfine sugar, and powdered sugar. There are various granulated sugar substitutes that exist, and each variety has its pros and cons. 

Are you tired of shopping and preparing all your meals from scratch? If so, we can help make things easier for you. Don’t hesitate to sign up with Cräveble today! 

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